This petite, fox-like looking companion breed is one of the smallest in the Spitz family of dogs. The Pomeranian is also known as a Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Pom, or Pom Pom. A larger ancestor of the Pomeranian originated in the northern vicinity of Poland and Germany. The breed was quite popular with Martin Luther, Amadeus Mozart, Sir Isaac Newton, and even Michelangelo. So much so, that when Michelangelo was painting the Sistine Chapel, his pup sat on a silk cushion and observed the famous artist. The development of the smaller size Pomeranian occurred during Queen Victoria’s reign when she came upon a smaller Pomeranian in Italy named Marco who weighed only 12 pounds. She subsequently began breeding the smaller size of the Pomeranian of which we see today. This perky, inquisitive breed can be at home in a tiny apartment, and because they are quite vocal make excellent watchdogs. They are a great breed for new dog owners, as well as for those who are busy, and even for an elderly person. Though they are quite energetic their exercise needs are minimal, a walk a day would be sufficient, but they do need lots of toys. Pomeranians do not do very well in hot weather, and great care needs to be taken so they do not overheat. The Pomeranian absolutely loves their family, and would do best in a home with calm, older children. They are not particularly fond of strangers, but do get along with other pets, and early training and socialization is helpful. This breed does well as a therapy dog especially for those in nursing homes or hospitals. Most often the Pomeranian’s coat is a reddish-orange color, but they can also be found in every color from white to black, and every hue in between. Pomeranians do have a double coat, a silky, dense, undercoat, and a long, smooth outercoat. The breed would do fine with a twice weekly brushing but daily would be better. It is very important to maintain good oral health by daily brushing of their teeth due to their propensity to dental issues. It is also essential to keep your puppy's ears and eyes clean, and their nails trimmed when necessary. The Pomeranian is typically 7-12 inches tall, and usually weighs 3-10 pounds, and has a normal lifespan of 12-16 years. They are generally a healthy breed and with routine veterinary visits, love, and care they should live a long and happy life.
Each dog breed can be prone to develop certain diseases or conditions, be sure to research your specific breed before making a purchase to ensure you´re prepared for any challenges that may arise. This information is only a generalization and we make no guarantees on any breed related to personality, appearance, or typical health characteristics.